Alternative Methods of Fabric Joining Applied in Apparel Industry

Alternative Methods of Fabric Joining Applied in Apparel Industry

Alternative Methods of Joining Fabric:

To join the fabric, sewing process is done by using needle and sewing thread. It is the oldest and widely used method in readymade garments industry. But there are some fabric joining process comes by researching with a long time though those have some limitations such as seam appearance, joining speed, seam performance etc. In case of some special cases, those alternative methods have to apply for fabric joining in lieu of normal sewing method. Those methods have discussed in this article.

Alternative Methods of Fabric Joining Applied in Garment Industry:

There are four methods which are normally applied for fabric joining in lieu of normal sewing methods. Those ares-

  1. Fusing,
  2. Welding,
  3. Adhesive,
  4. Molding.

All the above processes or methods have explained in the below:

1. Fusing:

It is the most used method among the four alternative fabric joining methods. Normally it is used to attach interlining. Here, firstly the part of apparel which is to be fused spread and then the resonated interlining surface is placed on it. Finally required pressure and temperature applied here smoothly. Resin on coating of interlining is melt by heat into the fabric under pressure. When it becomes cool and hard both the fabric and interlining are attached.

Fusing fabric joining method

Fig: Fusing fabric joining method

2. Welding:

In this method, fabrics are joined in a limited quantity. By using this types of methods, two or more fabric plies which have made by at least 65% thermoplastic fibres can be attached by providing heat and pressure along the seam line.

Welding fabric joining method

Fig: Welding fabric joining method

Here, heat is generated by ultrasonic process. By generating heat, the thermoplastic fibers in the fabrics are melted and the melted polymers are joined by applying required pressure. In this method, transducer is used to transfer electricity into vibration which is about 20000 Hz per second.

3. Adhesive:

Adhesive means a substance which causes fibres, yarns, fabrics or other materials to adhere or stick together. There are two types of adhesive available for joining the fabrics. Those ares-

  • By using a silicon paper, containing a thin layer of adhesive in which fabrics are joined after placing.
  • By using a solid adhesive, this will be melted under heat. As a result fabrics are joined together.
Adhesive fabric joining method

Fig: Adhesive fabric joining method

Adhesive threads can be used as looper thread for neatening the edge of fabrics. Normally adhesive thread is melted by applying heat and pressure by folding the neaten edge and joined with the fabrics during making of hem.

4. Molding:

By using this method, one or more plies of fabrics cannot be joined though it is placed as an alternative method of fabric joining. Molding helps to give specific shape to the garments without creating any seam. The shape is given to the fabrics by stretching or shrinking and the entered thermoplastic fibres are softening by applying heat. After that temperature is decreased to be normal. As a result, the new shape or area of fabrics are made. It is done in case of knitted fabrics because it is easy to stretch or shrink the fabrics.

-Written by

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Mayedul Islam

Mayedul Islam is working as a Sr. Merchandiser in a reputed Buying House. He has great passion in writing different articles on textile and Garments specially on Merchandising and Garment Washing. Send

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