Factors Considered During Fabric Consumption

Factors Considered During Fabric Consumption:

Fabrics consumption is an important matter in the clothing sector. Accurate fabric consumption reduces the probability of a fabric shortage problem at the end of the order. Some key factors can create a fabric shortage problem. Those factors are clearly discussed in this article.


Factors considered during fabric consumption:

The main key factors which must be considered during fabric’s consumption are mentioned in the following:

  1. Body fabric’s consumption,
  2. Rib,
  3. Neck tape,
  4. Appliqué and other fabric,
  5. Wastage estimation.

All the above five key points are discussed below:

1. Body fabric’s consumption:

At first, a garments merchandiser should calculate the body fabric consumption. It will be best if the merchandiser calculates it after pattern making. Another one thing that should be noted that the merchandiser should confirm the fabric diameter. In the case of knit fabric, the merchandiser should calculate the fabric consumption by adding an extra 5 GSM with buyers specified GSM and in the case of woven fabric, the merchandiser should reduce 2” (in width) from both sides of fabric during fabric consumption.

Another important point is that, if the garments have a wash process then make sure that, a pattern is made by adding the wash allowance.

2. Rib:

Here, a garments merchandiser must calculate the rib consumption carefully. Sometimes it’s seen that the garments have rib at cuff opening and bottom hem but these are unfortunately missed out to consider during fabric’s consumption.

3. Neck tape:

The required amount of neck tape should be considered during the fabric’s consumption of garments.

4. Appliqué and other fabric:

Here, the required amount of appliqué and other fabric must be considered during fabric’s consumption of garments.

5. Wastage estimation:

During fabrics consumption, normally 9% shrinkage is added for the knit items. It can vary depending on the number of processes the garments have. If the garments have only front chest print, then 9% shrinkage will be ok, but if there’s all over or rotary print with heavy wash, etc. then should increase the wastage%. If the garments have pigment dye then should be added 25-30% wastage. Because, in the case of pigment dye, the clothing reject percentage is very high.


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