Important Questions in Garment Washing

Some Common Questions in Garment Washing

Garment Washing:

Garment washing is a vast place for textile engineers or chemical engineers to prove their capability in today’s readymade garment business. Newcomers of this sector have to learn so many in the earlier stage of their job to sustain here. As a result, so many questions have arisen in their mind. As its importance, this article has presented some common questions with their answer.

Garment washing plant

Fig: Garment washing plant

Basic Questions of Garment Washing:

There are some common questions in garment washing which are frequently asked by the newcomer of this sector. Those questions have pointed out the below with their answer:

1. Why de-size or de-sizing process is important in garment washing?

De-sizing is so much important due to the below reasons:

  • To remove the sizing materials.
  • To remove the starch.
  • To increase the water absorption capacity.
  • To modify for scouring and bleaching.
  • To increase the affinity of fabric to chemicals.
  • To increase the luster after dyeing and printing.

2. What types of problems arise during the de-sizing process?

The following problems have arisen during the de-sizing process:

  • If the water is less crease mark will come.
  • If anti back stainer is less, back staining is more that affect the pocket.
  • Garments will dull if back staining is more.
  • If the de-size process will not good, the next process will be affected.

3. Why enzyme process is so important in garment washing?

Some important reasons for which enzyme process is so much important in garments wash:

  • To remove the color from the fabric.
  • To achieve the desired shade.
  • To achieve cast color.
  • To achieve the desired abrasion.
  • To increase the cleanliness of garments.

4. What types of problems occurred during the enzyme process?

Some common problems are seen during the enzyme process mentioned below:

  • If waterless, a crease mark will come.
  • If enzyme time is more, the seam will be damaged.
  • If the enzyme percentage is more than time indigo will lose before abrasion coming.
  • If the enzyme percentage will-less, the time required more, and garments will be damaged.

5. Why the bleaching process is important in garment washing?

For the below reasons, bleaching has great importance in garments washing:

  • To remove the natural color.
  • To clean up the garments.
  • To remove stain from the apparel.
  • To get the desired shade provided by the buyer.

6. What types of problems happened during the bleaching stages?

There are some problems which are frequently happened during the bleaching process:

  • If the water percentage is low that time crease mark will come.
  • If the bleach percentage is more, garments will lose color very quickly.
  • If the machine will not running at the time bleach is added, the bleach spot will come there.
  • If the machine RPM is high then the garment shade will be uneven.

7. Mention some problems that happened for resin application in garment washing.

Those problems are mentioned below:

  • If the resin application is more on a specific area that garments will tear.
  • If we use the same process more than one time then tear may come.
  • If oven time is more, tears may come.
  • If the oven temperature is excessively high, the tear may come.
  • If we used resin more, garments will hard more.
  • Due to using of resin, garments will be unwanted spotted.
  • Due to using of resin, sometimes the pocket may damage.

8. What are the processes normally used in the dry process section of garment washing?

All the important dry processes of garments washing have pointed out the below:

  • Hand sand,
  • Sandblasting,
  • Whisker,
  • Destroy,
  • PP spray,
  • Tagging,
  • Grinding,
  • Crinkle,
  • 3D crinkle,
  • Heat pressing,
  • PP rubbing,
  • Resin spray,
  • Pocket marking,
  • Seam marking,
  • Centre crease,
  • Pigment spray,
  • Crimping,
  • PP spot,
  • Bleach spot,
  • Resin spot etc.

9. Which types of wash mainly applied in garment washing?

There are various types of wash applied in garments washing. Those are in the following:

10. Point out some problems that happened during garment washing.

Some common problems of garments washing are in the below:

  • Fabric strength sometimes less.
  • Zipper color changed due to alkali solution.
  • Fabrics weigh less.
  • If the garments load is high then the crease mark will come.
  • If the garments load is high at hydro then the crease mark will come.
  • If time is more at hydro, garments will be damaged by its tension.

-Written by

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


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