List of Fabric Wastage Outside the Marker

List of Fabric Wastage Outside the Marker:

In the readymade garments sector, fabric wastage is related to marker efficiency. If marker efficiency is creased then fabric wastage will be decreased. Marker efficiency is inversely proportional to fabric wastage. But there is some fabric wastage produced outside the marker efficiency which is mentioned in this article.

Fabric wastage in RMG industry

Fig: Fabric wastage in the RMG industry

Different Types of Fabric Wastage Outside the Marker:

There are different types of fabric wastage outside the marker which are mentioned in the following:

  1. Ends of ply losses,
  2. Selvage loss,
  3. Loss of fabric in roll,
  4. Purchase loss.

All the above fabric wastages have explained below:

1. Ends of ply losses:

During fabric spreading, some allowances are needed at the end of each piece of fabric due to the limitation of utilized machines. Normally 2 inches in each end and on each ply inches wastages are happened, which varies with the durability of the fabric. This type of wastage can be reduced by observing and controlling carefully the necessary allowance of the marker according to the types of fabric.

2. Selvedge loss:

We know that each fabric has two selvages. In most cases, we do not place the pattern components over the selvages. In this way, approximately 3% of fabrics are wasted along the width. In the case of expensive and extensible fabric, we can save some fabric by wasting 2% along the width.

3. Loss of fabric in roll:

In readymade garments industries, fabrics usually come in roll form. As a result, there is a limitation of fabric length in each roll. Fabric spreading is done according to the marker length in the cutting section of garments manufacturing industries. In most of the cases, it’s seen that fabrics are not exact to the multiple lays. As a result, some wastage of fabric has been found at every roll. For these types of problems, we have to do splicing in the fabric, whereas splicing and the remaining fabrics at the end of the roll increase the fabric wastages. We can easily reduce this problem by collecting bigger fabric rolls.

4. Purchase loss:

It is one of the most important points of fabric wastage outside the marker. Normally fabric length is identified by fabric manufacturers and suppliers. Sometimes it’s seen that less fabric is wound in the fabric roll than the exact amount of fabric that already has paid. To solve such kinds of problem fabric length should be measured before purchasing the fabric and sourced only from the reputed manufacturer.


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