Definition and Types of Pattern Used in Clothing Industry
Definition of Pattern | Classification of Pattern | Basic Block or Block Pattern | Working Pattern | Garment Pattern
Pattern Types Used in Apparel Industry:
The pattern is a hard paper that is made by following each component for a style of apparel or clothing. The pattern is one of the most important parts of the apparel industry. There are different pattern types. In the past, I have presented two important articles related to patterns which will be very useful for you.
Types of Pattern Used in Apparel Industry:
There are mainly two types of patterns used in the readymade apparel sector which mentioned below:
- Basic block or block pattern used in the apparel industry,
- Working pattern or apparel pattern.
All the above pattern types have discussed in the following:
1. Basic block or block pattern:
A basic block or block pattern is an individual component of apparel without any design or style. It can be made into two ways such as modeling and flat method.
Modeling is a primary and first method. Still, it is widely used in the apparel industry. In the modeling method, Block is made with the standard body measurement of the dummy which is known as toile. Toile is worn on the body of the dummy to check fittings. After that, toile is worn out from the body of the dummy, and individual parts of toile are drawn on board paper or hard paper. This method is the most efficient but needs more time.
b. Flat method:
In the case of the flat method, the pattern of different parts of apparel especially the body and sleeve are made by technical drawing. Actually, this method comes from the modeling method and by this method fast pattern making is possible.
2. Working pattern or apparel pattern:
Apparel pattern is made based on the basic block or block pattern. Individual block patterns are drawn on board paper or hard paper. Different types of allowances i.e. trimmings allowance, sewing allowance, bottom line, center front line, pleat, drat is considered in this type of pattern.
S M Hossen Uzzal
Planning Executive at Modele De Capital Ind. Ltd.
Narayanganj, Dhaka, Bangladesh.