Types of Pressing or Ironing Applied in Apparel Industry
Types of Pressing or Ironing Applied in the Apparel Industry:
Pressing or ironing is one of the important processes in the finishing department of the readymade garments industry. There are different types of the pressing process applied in the garments which are mentioned in this article.
Categories of Pressing or Ironing Applied in Garments Industry:
The pressing of the garment is categorized into five according to the garments types, designs, and materials are given below:
- No pressing,
- Minimum pressing,
- Under pressing,
- Final pressing,
- Permanent pressing.
All the above pressing categories have explained the below:
1. No pressing or ironing: Some garments do not need pressing such as underwear, briefs, swimwear. These types of garments are made of knitted fabric.
2. Minimum pressing or ironing:
Some garments are available which need finishing done by applying heat but no need for pressure such as nightgowns, knitted T-shirts, Leisurewear, and so on. These types of garments are pressed by steaming and by flowing dry air to the garments called minimum pressing.
3. Under pressing or ironing:
To complete sewing easily and beautifully, it must require to give minimum ironing to some parts of garments before sewing is called under pressing. Especially under pressing is done to most of the apparel industries for making a coat, jacket, and trousers and so on. For example, where there is needed for doing a crease effect to the parts of garments done by pressing before sewing.
4. Final pressing or ironing:
The final pressing is done by applying heat and pressure to the garments. This is done after making of garments. This is generally done in a jacket, trouser, skirt and so on. Special types of pressing machines are used here for final pressing.
5. Permanent pressing or ironing:
This is a special type of pressing when it is given to retain the shape of apparel or special conditions. Example: dirt and pleat which cannot be displaced or drawn off after washing of garments again. This type of ironing is done by applying high temperature and steam. Sometimes there is needed for pressure.