SWOT Analysis of Garment Manufacturing Industry

SWOT Analysis of Clothing Industry:

A huge number of not standardized fashion products, not harmonized sizes and quality of production are a danger for gaining access to the global market. SWOT analysis can be of a special importance in apparel manufacturing industry when used for designing a new article of clothing, i.e. collection. This article has presented a details discussion on SWOT analysis of apparel industry.

SWOT analysis of clothing industry

Fig: SWOT analysis of clothing industry

SWOT Analysis in Apparel Manufacturing Sector:

During manufacturing of basic SWOT analysis different problems may appear and they can be solved with more critical POWER SWOT tool:


P = Personal experience

It provides the SWOT analysis to be based on the experience, knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs, because all the observations and personal feelings have an impact on the SWOT.

O = Order

Marketing managers often confuse features and advantages or disadvantages and risks, because the line between them is sometimes invisible.

W = Weighting

Certain key elements of the SWOT analysis are often so difficult to estimate. Because, some points are slower than others. Therefore, it is necessary to use percentage participation.

 For Example:

1 = weakness of 20%,

Weakness -2 = 70% and weakness-3 = 10% (total 100%).

 E = Emphasize Detail

Many details, reasons and justification have been omitted in the SWOT analysis. For example, the technology itself is often both the weakness and the advantage.

R = Rank and Prioritize

All the facts presented in the SWOT analysis have the impact on the strategy and that is why it is necessary to classify (rank) them from the highest to the lowest impact and thus determine the priorities.

For example, if possibilities of a manufacturer for a new collection of clothing:

  1. The desire of customers for new creations = 25%
  2. Creating a “show room” facilities = 60%
  3. Launching new products to market = 20%

Then the marketing plan must be identified according to the following priorities (the opening of “show room”, new creations, placing new products on the market, etc.). For ranking and setting priorities a Gap Analysis can be used, a simple and effective analysis that enables marketing managers to decide upon the appropriate strategy and tactics.

The suggestions for the use of SWOT analysis when designing a new article of clothing in readymade apparel industry have discussed in the below:


  1. Futuristic design,
  2. Good image,
  3. Reaction to a new fashion trend,
  4. Quality of textile fabric and production,
  5. New ergonomic form of model ,
  6. Short period of development of a model and short period of duration,
  7. Automation of production processes,
  8. Industrial training conducted by specialist,
  9. Ecological requirements.


  1. Very high price because of fast changes,
  2. Small series with a large number of models (three to five articles in work order),
  3. Manufacturing of only three sizes,
  4. Bad covering of foreign market,
  5. High price of energy,
  6. Condition and price rise of raw material because of introducing VAT,
  7. Short time for optimization of products.


  1. Consumers’ wish for new designs,
  2. Marketing of products into a new market,
  3. Market – Establishing “show room” objects,
  4. Making e-mail catalogue – Value of labour,
  5. Production of garments Made-to Measure.


  1. Import of similar articles of clothing at low prices,
  2. Competitors have lower price,
  3. Competitors have better distribution net with more sales places,
  4. Quick obsolesce of technology.
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Mayedul Islam

Mayedul Islam is working as a Sr. Merchandiser in a reputed Buying House. He has great passion in writing different articles on textile and Garments specially on Merchandising and Garment Washing. Send email:mayedul.islam66@gmail.com

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