Principle of Chain Stitch Formation Technique

Principle of Chain Stitch Formation Technique:

Chain stitches are the most used stitches in garments. There are so many who still don’t know the stitch formation technique of chain stitch. As a person from the readymade garments industry, everybody should know about it. As its importance, this article has shown an easy explanation for the principle of chain stitches formation technique.

What is Chain Stitch?

It is made by using one or more group of sewing threads. The stitch which is formed by using two or more groups of sewing thread is called multi thread chain stitches. Here, the loop of one group sewing threads is bounded by interloping with the loop of another group of sewing threads. Stitch type-401 is called multi thread chains stitch and following are the steps referred as the principle of stitch type-401 formation.

Chain stitch formation technique

Fig: Chain stitch formation technique

Chain Stitch Formation Technique Followed in Apparel Industry:

This type of stitch is produced by following the below steps.


  1. Needle is entered through the fabric with the sewing thread and reaches into it’s lower position.
  2. Needle contains the old loop around its blade.
  3. A new loop is formed when needle moves upward a little.


  1. New loop is caught by the looper (above the needle eye below the old loop).
  2. Needle moves upward.
  3. The old loop is cast off from the needle blade and slides on base of the new loop that is still held by the looper.
  4. Interlacement is occurred under the fabric (between the new loop and old loop).
  5. In the same time, fabric is also moved one stitch forward due to the feed dog mechanism.


  1. The looper enlarges the new loop.
  2. So that when needle again entered through the fabric, it passes through the loop.
  3. The looper leaves the loop which is held on the needle blade.
  4. This loop now becomes the old loop.
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Mayedul Islam

Mayedul Islam is working as a Sr. Merchandiser in a reputed Buying House. He has great passion in writing different articles on textile and Garments specially on Merchandising and Garment Washing. Send

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