What Types of Wash Applied on Knit Garments?

Various Types of Wash Applied on Knit Garments

What is Garments Wash?

We are living in the fashionable era. Everyone wants to wear fashionable garments. As a result, people can make a difference with others. A basic knitted T-Shirt and a washed knitted T-Shirt are totally different in to look. At present, the knitted washed item is a hot-cake for the young generation. As its importance on our daily fashionable days, today I will discuss the different types of wash which are applied on knit garments.

Different Types of Wash Applied on Knit Garments:

There are different types of wash, applied on the knit garments are pointed in below:

  1. Enzyme Wash,
  2. Stone Enzyme Wash or Heavy Enzyme wash,
  3. Rubber Ball Wash,
  4. Hot Wash,
  5. Softener Silicon Wash,
  6. Acid Wash,
  7. P.P Spray,
  8. Garment Dye,
  9. Cold Dye,
  10. Pigment Dye,
  11. Tie-Dye,
  12. Deep Dye.

Those are discussed in the following:

1. Enzyme Wash:

The wash in which enzyme is used is called an enzyme wash. This enzyme may be neutral or acid depends on the requirement of the shed. In this wash, the enzyme is used for producing different types of abrasion for the garments. As a result, the garments are looking very nice to see. The main target of the enzyme wash is to change the outlook of any knit garments.

Enzyme washed hooded fleece jacket

Enzyme washed hooded fleece jacket

2. Stone Enzyme Wash or Heavy enzyme wash:

In this wash, enzyme and stone are used together for producing heavy abrasion for the garments. Here, the wash technician should have taken some precautions to avoid damage to the garments. For avoiding this case, they prefer to be used a very small stone. The main target of this wash is to produce heavy abrasion on knit garments.

Stone washed t-shirt

Stonewashed t-shirt

3. Rubber Ball Wash:

Rubber ball wash is nothing but a garment and softener wash. In this process, garments will softer and at a time seam abrasion will come. When any knit garments needed more hand-fell with seam abrasion at that time we will use this process.

Rubber ball washed

Rubber ball washed

4. Hot Wash:

Normally in knit fabrics, the hot wash is used to prevent the shrinkage problem after completing different treatments of that garment. Hot wash should be done before making any garments. It’s should be noted that When a garment has any treatment such as- Garment dye, Cold dye, P.P spray, etc. then it’s a mandatory process to complete fabrics hot wash before making that garment. Otherwise, it will create problems during measurement.

5. Softener Silicon Wash:

When any knit garments needed more hand-fell and softness on the same occasion, in that case, this wash will be used. For this wash, softener, and silicon both will be used together where silicon will be used for softening the cellulose and silicon for the surface slippery. The softener may be cationic or nonionic.

Softener silicon washed jumper

Softener silicon washed jumper

6. Acid Wash:

The main target of this wash is to produce an uneven look on knit garments. Acid wash is done with potash and stone. At first, we have to dip the stone in a potash solution then slightly dry the stone and wash it in a washing machine. After all, we will get an uneven look on garments.

Acid washed t-shirt

Acid washed t-shirt

7. P.P Spray:

P.P Spray means potassium permanganate spray on the specific area of a garment. This chemical is used to reduce the color of the knit garments. At first, knit garments have to take by two-person on two sides, then this chemical will be applied with the help of a P.P gun by air pressure. This spray is done on the scrapping area and after neutralize by sodium meta-bi-sulfite chemical in the washing machine, a white look on the spray area will be achieved.

8. Garment Dye:

The garment dye process is done all time after making the garments. Traditional garments are made from pre-dyed fabric. Garment dye can be pigment dye or cold dye which totally depends on the buyer’s instruction. The main advantage of this process is the cost-effectiveness of producing identical garments of particular colors. Also, it has another advantage, due to garments dyeing; it becomes softer and feels more vintage which is one of the important factors to satisfy the buyer.

Garment dyed

Garment dyed

9. Cold Dye:

The cold dye is one kind of garments dye. The cold dye is two types. One is “Inside cold dye” and another one is “Outside cold dye”. During the cold dye process, buyer suggestions should be followed about inside/outside cold dye. If the buyer doesn’t mention it, then you have to do just outside cold dye. The main target of this process is to produce uneven shade on knit garments.

Cold dyed

Cold dyed

10. Pigment Dye:

Pigment dye is also one kind of garment dye. After completing this process, knit garments will achieve an even shade. The main difference between cold dye and pigment dye is, in the cold dye, knit garments will achieve uneven shade and in pigment dye, will achieve an even shade.

Pigment washed

Pigment washed

11. Tie Dye:

This is the dyeing process which is applied to the knit garments by using a tie. At first, the knit garments have to tie with string or rubber bands than its send to the dyeing. In this process, the dye percentage should be set previously. By this dyeing process, the knit garments achieved an uneven dyeing shade. Where some areas of the garments absorbed dyes and some of the areas did not absorb. The main target of this process is to produce an uneven dyeing shade in all parts of knit garments.

Tie dyed t-shirt

Tie-dyed t-shirt

12. Deep Dye:

This is also one kind of uneven dyeing process. By this process, a knit garment will achieve various uneven shades in part by part. To produce such kinds of uneven shade, a dyeing bath should be made firstly, and then garments have to put into the dyeing bath by a dip dyeing machine. This machine dips the garments for a certain time then put out the garments from the bath. Using this process, it’s seen that, one area of the knit garments absorbed one color, and another portion of that garment absorbed another color. For this type of dyeing process, reactive dyes are used due to good colorfastness. The main target of this process is to achieve more than one color in the same Knit clothing.

Deep Dyed

Deep dyed


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