Work Study in Garment Sector: The Magic Tool of Improving Apparel Productivity
Importance of Work Study in Clothing Industry
Concept of Garments Work Study:
In most of the apparel industries of Bangladeshi ready-made garments sector are not really productive which is compensated by off the clock work. Some factories work more than 14 hours per day to achieve apparel production and shipment target. This situation cannot continue for long as foreign buyers have become very sensitive to violation of local laws and there code of conduct. So Bangladesh apparel manufacturing industries have no other choice but to improve apparel productivity in a substantial way. The problem can be solved by applying work study method.
We may cite an example for this. A factory does not know work study method and produce self camies (ladies knit wear) @ 200pcs per hour and only 1600 pcs in a day of eight working hours by implying 24 sewing machines in a apparel production sewing line. But in order to effect shipment in time, it needs to produce the items @ 300 pcs per hour or 2400 pcs per day of eight working hours.
Conventional consideration in this country to produce 2400 pcs apparel per day each to raise working hours 8 to 12 hours instead of improving clothing productivity from 200 pcs per hour to 300 pcs per hour by designing proper sewing machine lay-out and balancing the apparel sewing line. The method that extends a helping hand in improving apparel productivity in such cases is the work study method which is also coined as time and motion study.
What is Work Study in Apparel Sector?
Works study is a component of management science and it was developed by the well-known American scientist F.W. Taylor, generally known as father of modern management science.
It is a scientific method which ensures measurement of work content of a job and takes recourse to better method of doing it and thus realizes the best utilization of human, machinery and other resources of an organization.
The job of works study is to investigate how a work is being done whether there is any defect in doing it and to improve the method of working of the job so that clothing productivity improves per unit time, per unit worker or per unit machine. Works study also must determine standard time by which a qualified worker can accomplish the job within that standard time.
Thus we may define, works study in the following way:
Works study is the systematic method of examining existing ways of doing a job so as to improve apparel productivity and to set up standard time for each job.
Features of Work Study:
Works study as a method is systematic in nature. It succeeds because it is systematic in studying the problems and also systematic in developing the covered solution.
Comprehensiveness of Work Study:
In garments or apparel production floor, works study is a very through process in investigating problems and it is also comprehensive in determining solution of such problems. It is a time consuming matter as work study is involved in rigorous study of problems and through working out solutions.
Apparel production manager or floor manager or supervisor cannot devote enough time to dedicate to such systematic and through study. The works study is full time duty. It is the reason why an enterprise needs to allocate a full department for work-study matter. As its importance, apparel industries must have a separate and independent works study department.
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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