10 Requirements of Fabric Spreading

10 Requirements of Fabric Spreading:

In the readymade garments sector, fabric spreading is one of the important tasks. To get fault-free cutting fabrics from the cutting section, accurate fabric spreading has great importance in the apparel manufacturing industry. Some key requirements that help to get the desired quality cutting fabrics from the cutting section are explained in this article.

Fabric spreading in Apparel Industry

Fabric spreading in Apparel Industry

Different Requirements of Fabric Spreading:

There are a few requirements of spreading which are mentioned below:

  1. Alignment of fabric ply,
  2. Correct ply tension,
  3. Fabric must be flat,
  4. Elimination of fabric flaws or defects,
  5. Correct ply direction and lay stability,
  6. Elimination of static electricity,
  7. Easy separation of the cut lay into bundles,
  8. Avoidance of fusion of plies during cutting,
  9. Avoidance of distortion in spreading,
  10. Matching the checks and stripes.

All the above points have discussed in the following:

1. Alignment of fabric ply:

During fabric spreading, all plies should be spread according to the marker dimension. Here, the length and width of the fabric must be equal to the marker length and width.

2. Correct ply tension:

In spreading, all plies must be spread at uniform tension (as little as possible). Otherwise, it creates various types of faults during cutting the fabric.

3. Fabric must be flat:

All plies must be spread in flat form during fabric spreading. Otherwise different types of faults such as crinkle and crease are produced during fabric cutting.

4. Elimination of fabric flaws or defects:

During spreading, different types of fabric faults may be identified which must be avoided here by marking.

5. Correct ply direction and lay stability:

In spreading time, all plies must be spread in the same direction (such as all faces up or all faces down or face to face) and from one end of the table.

6. Elimination of static electricity:

During spreading, static electricity may produce which should be eliminated by arranging synthetic fabrics earthing in the spreading table.

7. Easy separation of the cut lay into bundles:

The size of the cut lay into bundles of fabric depends on the height of the fabric lays. Sometimes, displacing icon is used to prevent shade variation during spreading.

8. Avoidance of fusion of plies during cutting:

In the case of synthetic spreading, anti fusion paper needed to be used between the plies to reduce the fusion between fabric and knives. Normally for every 30-40 plies needs one anti fusion paper.

9. Avoidance of distortion in spreading:

To avoid fusing of fabric plies during fabric cutting, polythene sheets are used under the bottom ply to resist the friction of the bottom ply with the base plate of the knife.

10. Matching the checks and stripes:

In case of stripe or check spreading, stripe line or check line should be kept at a uniform distance from one end of the fabric to another.

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