Precautions Should Take Before Garment Dyeing

Precautions Should Take Before Garment Dyeing:

Garments are made from cotton grey fabrics which are dyed in garments form in the garments dyeing machine. Before garments dyeing, some precautions are needed to avoid dyeing problems that may occur during garment dyeing.

Garment dyeing technique applied in garments

Fig: Garment dyeing technique applied in garments

Precautions to be taken before Garments Dyeing

Precautions Before Garments Dyeing:

All the precautions which are significantly followed before garment-dyeing have mentioned the below:

  1. Garments design should be made from an engineering point of view.
  2. If the garment is made after de-sizing, scouring, and bleaching of grey fabrics and then dyed in garments form. The possibility of problems will be decreased there.
  3. If possible apparel should be made from the grey fabrics of the same lot and the same source.
  4. The seams should not be too tight or too loose especially in the areas containing elastic-like waist-band, cuff, etc which may create irregular dye penetration resulting in irregular dyeing.
  5. The apparel is produced from knitted and woven fabrics combinedly. Then, the knit fabric must be pre-shrunken there; otherwise, seam pucker may develop after garments dyeing.
  6. If the fabric of apparel is of mixed fibers, during garments dyeing, dye selection must be done carefully to avoid irregular dyeing.
  7. Low-quality metals should not be used as trimmings in the apparel which may be damaged during dyeing by the action of salt and alkali. If any metal component is used in the apparel, those should be made from nickel or its alloy.
  8. The sewing thread used for making the garment should be of the same fiber as the garment fabric. Otherwise, color differences may occur between garments fabric and sewing thread.
  9. Buttons used in the garments should be selected carefully. Buttons made from casein, cellulose, nylon, etc. may be damaged during garments dyeing but the polyester button is safe in this respect.
  10. If elastic is used in the garments and the elastic is made from natural rubber or polyurethane fiber like lycra may create problem during garment dyeing. To avoid such problems dye should be selected made of copper-free. During bleaching, polyurethane fibers may be damaged by the chlorine. Polyester type elastomeric fiber is safe in peroxide bleaching.
  11. Interlining is used in most of the apparel. Those types of interlinings should be used in the apparel to be dyed only recommended for garments dyeing. Otherwise, the performance of interlining may be destroyed.
  12. The apparel made from compactly woven cotton fabric should be dyed with hot brand reactive dyes. If it’s not then the problem of irregular dye penetration may happen there.
  13. For some definite colors, if definite dyes are used there then the dyeing cost will be lower. For example, navy-blue, and black colors can be produced in apparel by using sulfur dyes at a very low cost.
  14. The presence of mineral impurities in the cotton fibers can make a difference which can impede the stability of peroxide liquor during bleaching with the hydrogen peroxide even insoluble compounds may form during hydrogen peroxide bleaching. These types of insoluble compounds can redeposit on the fabric of the garment resulting in spots on the fabric. Special kinds of chemicals are available to avoid such kinds of problems.
  15. Crease mark may develop in the cotton garments during garment dyeing. To avoid such problems, special chemicals like the “Imacol brand” may be used.

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