Stretch Fabric | Types of Stretch Fabric

Stretch Fabric | Types of Stretch Fabrics

What is Stretch Fabric?

Stretch fabric is one kinds of synthetic fabric which stretches. This type of fabric can be two way stretch or four way stretch.

Stretch fabric

Fig: Stretch fabrics

2 Way Stretch Fabrics:

Two way stretch fabrics stretches mainly in one direction i.e. from selvedge to selvedge. But in case of knit fabric it can be stretches in other direction also.

4 Way Stretch Fabrics:

On the other hand, four way stretch fabrics stretches in the both direction such as cross wise and length wise.

Classification of Stretch Fabric:

There are two categories of stretch fabrics based on degree of stretch ability. Those ares-

  1. Power or action stretch fabrics,
  2. Comfort stretch fabrics.

All the above two types have explained in the below:

1. Power or action stretch fabrics:

Power or action stretch fabrics provide a fabric with a high degree of extensibility and quick recovery. The stretch factor ranges here from 30% to 50% or more.

Uses of power or action stretch fabrics:

These types of stretch fabrics are best adapted to knitwear, swim wear, athletic clothing’s and professional sports wear.

2. Comfort stretch fabrics:

Comfort stretch-fabric applied to the fabrics with less than 30% stretch factor. Such fabrics are used for everyday clothing that needs only a moderate degree of elasticity.

Uses of comfort stretch-fabrics:

This category covers a wide range of end usages in both apparel and the home as well as in transportation upholstery.

With stretch fabrics, comfort is achieved by reducing garment restraint imposed on the body. No standard exist for the level of stretch required in various types of garments. However, there are some experimental data available on this matter:

SL No.
Item
Stretch (%)
Direction
01
Men’s suit jacket
30%
Horizontal
02
Men’s shorts
30%
Horizontal
03
Men’s shirt (Sleeve)
25%
Vertical
04
Men’s shirt (Body)
25%
Horizontal
05
Women’s shorts
35%
Horizontal
06
Women’s slacks
35%
Horizontal
07
Skirts
25%
Horizontal
08
dresses
30%
Horizontal

From the above mentioned experimental results they reached the below conclusions:

  1. The experiment confirmed the general view that outerwear garments which offers the least resistance to the body movements are the most comfortable.
  2. Wearer’s preferences for stretch wear established at a 25% to 45% stretch range depending on the end use.
  3. For women’s horizontal stretch slacks, a 35% stretch level effectively satisfies the comfort requirements for this type of apparel.

More questions related this topic:

  1. Stretch knit fabrics | Stretch jersey knits.
  2. Stretch cotton fabric.
  3. Popular items for stretch fabrics.
  4. What is the difference between 2 way and 4 way stretch fabrics?
  5. What is cotton lycra fabric used for?
  6. What kind of material is lycra?
  7. What kind of material is elastane?
  8. Stretch knit fabric types.
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Mayedul Islam

Mayedul Islam is working as a Sr. Merchandiser in a reputed Buying House. He has great passion in writing different articles on textile and Garments specially on Merchandising and Garment Washing. Send email:mayedul.islam66@gmail.com

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