8 Sewing Faults With Causes and Remedies

8 Sewing Faults With Causes and Remedies:

The sewing section is the most important department of the garments manufacturing factory. Maximum faults arise here which hamper the total quality of apparel. There are mainly eight types of sewing faults seen in the sewing section of the readymade garments factory which are explained in this article with their causes and remedies.

Different types of sewing faults in garments

Different types of sewing faults in garments

Common Sewing Problem with Causes and Remedies:

Various types of sewing problem which arises during sewing the garments are-

  1. Skipped stitches,
  2. Unbalance stitch,
  3. Staggered stitch,
  4. Variable stitch density,
  5. Seam puckering,
  6. Bobbin or looper thread breakage,
  7. Needle thread breakage,
  8. Thread fusing when the sewing machine stops.

All the above sewing faults have explained below with their causes and remedies:

1. Skipped stitches:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
Failure of hook or looper and needle to enter the loop at the correct time.
Examine the setting and timing between needle and hook or looper.
02
Irregular thread tension on the upper or lower loop.
The tension of the thread should be adjusted.
03
Due to needle deflection.
The needle should be changed.
04
If needle thread loop size is too small.
Needle size and thread should be adjusted.
05
When flagging of fabrics is happened during sewing.
The pressure of the pressure foot should be adjusted perfectly.
06
If the sewing thread is unable to form a loop.
The thread should be changed.

2. Unbalance stitch:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
Incorrect tension of sewing thread.
The setting of accurate tension to the thread.
02
Used incorrect thread path.
Using of accurate thread path.
03
Incorrect adjustment of needle thread path.
Using of right thread path.
04
Snagging of the needle with bobbin case and positioning finger.
Bobbin case to be smooth and finger positioning to be set again.
05
If sewing threads are not lubricated.
Better quality threads must be used here.

3. Staggered stitch:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
Due to needle deflection.
Needle size should be increased.
02
Due to the wrong needlepoint.
The needle should be changed.
03
Incorrect adjustment of needle and thread size.
Needle size and thread size should be changed.
04
Due to defected motion of feed dog.
Feed dog motion should be adjusted.
05
If fabrics are not controlled properly in the feed mechanism.
Accurate pressure of the pressure foot should be adjusted.

4. Variable stitch density:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
The incorrect unwinding of thread form package during sewing.
The position of the thread guide should be 2.5 times higher than the position of the thread package.
02
Twisting of needle thread in the bottom of thread package.
A foam pad should use at the bottom of the thread package.
03
Twisting of thread in thread guide.
Correct threading of sewing thread during sewing.
04
Excessive tension of the thread.
The tension of the thread should be less or the use of higher strength threads.
05
Using of broken check spring.
Check spring should be changed.
06
Fraying of thread in the needle.
Finer threads should be used or to be used heavy needle.
07
Becoming more heated of sewing thread.
Needle lubricant and needle cooler should be used.
08
Becoming more heated of the hook.
Lubricant should be available and test the distance between needle and hook.
09
Using low-quality sewing thread.
The sewing thread should be changed.

5. Seam puckering:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
Higher thread tension.
Bobbin tension should be kept as low as possible.
02
Improper thread balance.
Proper thread balance should be ensured between the top and bottom thread.
03
Incorrect thread types.
Have to maintain tension guides properly.

6. Bobbin or looper thread breakage:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
The incorrect winding of threads on to the bobbin.
The proper winding of threads on to the bobbin.
02
Excessive tension to the bobbin threads.
The tension should be adjusted to the bobbin threads.
03
If the edges bobbin case, looper eye, and so on are more sharpened.
The edges should be smooth.
04
Incorrect fitting of the bobbin case.
Test the size and types of the bobbin.

7. Needle thread breakage:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
The incorrect winding of threads on to the bobbin.
The proper winding of threads on to the bobbin.
02
Excessive tension to the bobbin threads.
The tension should be adjusted to the bobbin threads.
03
If the edges bobbin case, looper eye, and so on are more sharpened.
The edges should be smooth.
04
Incorrect fitting of the bobbin case.
Test the size and types of the bobbin.

8. Thread fusing when sewing machine stops:

SL No.
Causes
Remedies
01
Faulty sewing thread.
Should be used better quality thread.
02
The densely woven fabric is poorly finished.
Should be improved fabric finishing.
03
Damaged needle after sewing thread breakage.
Should be changed the needle.

 

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Mayedul Islam

Mayedul Islam is working as a Sr. Merchandiser in a reputed Buying House. He has great passion in writing different articles on textile and Garments specially on Merchandising and Garment Washing. Send email:mayedul.islam66@gmail.com

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